Toward a Lexicon of Common Figurative Units
2 CONVENTIONAL FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
Since the aim of this study is to describe the “Lexicon of Common Figurative Units”, the concept of figurative language – along with widespread idioms, which will be clarified in the next chapter, and Europe, which we looked at in the previous chapter – is one of the key concepts in our work. In this chap- ter, we will turn to our research topic of prototypical idioms, or figurative idioms, and have a closer look at the term idiom and related terms. Section 2.1 will briefly discuss the terminology of figurative language and phraseology. The distinctions between conventional figurative units and other types of metaphorical expressions will be fundamental to the present book. Another important area is the cultural foundation of figurative lexical units, including idioms. Idioms are not only elements of the language but also parts of culture. In Section 2.2, we will look at the relationship between figurative units and aspects of culture, and especially at the etymologies and cultural background of widespread idioms, which will help us find a macro- structure for the lexicon on which we focus here. This leads us to a discus- sion of the concept of intertextuality, as this volume will be restricted to fig- urative units that have their origins in existing texts (Section 2.3). 2.1 Idioms, Figurative One-word Units and Proverbs 2.1.1 Figurative Units: Preliminary Remarks In our search for figurative lexical units that are spread across a great variety of languages, we have restricted ourselves, out of the wider area of conven-...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.