Notes Chapter One 1 To read on Spanish women’s role during the war, see Mary Nash, Defying Male Civilization: Women in the Spanish Civil War (Denver: Arden Press, 1995); Shirley Mangini, Memories of Resistance: Women’s Voices from the Spanish Civil War (New Haven: Yale UP, 1995); Gina Herrmann, “Voices of the Vanquished: Leftist Women of the Spanish Civil War,” Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies 4.1 (2003): 11–29; Martha A. Ackelsberg, Free Women of Spain, (1991; Oakland: AK Press, 2005). 2 See Nash 105–109. 3 This provision was still maintained in the Law of Work Contracts of November 1931 (Nash, Defying 16). 4 This legislation was responsible for León’s separation from her children. When she left her first husband, her two boys were legally required to stay with their father. 5 For more on women’s organizations during the war, see Nash’s Defying, 63– 100. 6 Gina Herrmann (2003) addresses the change in the lives of radical women (specifically she deals with those who remained in Spain) as revealed in their oral testimonies. She argues that two divergent narrative patterns emerge: one pertains to the period before and during the war, the other to its aftermath. As members of a political community, the women narrate an exciting tale, but when the war comes to an end, they produce disconnected stories or silence themselves as a result of the perception that they are insignificant. •NOTES• 100 7 See Sophia McClennen’s The Dialectics of Exile (West Lafayette: Purdue UP, 2004). and...
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