Foundations for the Decline of Terrorism
Chapter Two: Kantian Cosmopolitanism 17
Chapter Two Kantian Cosmopolitanism Introduction In the first chapter, I suggested that one of the fundamental forces leading to the perpetuation of terrorism is alterity. I also suggested that recent develop- ments in communications technology may allow for the rise of a new kind of cosmopolitanism which may help to ameliorate the alterity that fosters and supports conditions accommodating to terrorism. To establish how this is possible, it is necessary to first establish the foundations of traditional Kant- ian cosmopolitanism. Kant’s cosmopolitan ideal brings together several components of his critical thought. To fully explicate the cosmopolitan ideal, it is necessary to first understand a number of components of Kant’s critical philosophy. These components are: Kant’s philosophy of history, his con- cepts of the political state of nature and the ethical state of nature, his theory of morality, his theory of a just political state, and his theory of a state of vir- tue. Kant argues that when all of these theoretical threads intertwine in prac- tice, the cosmopolitan ideal will become a reality. Philosophy of History Kant’s conception of history is grounded in the idea that there is a pur- pose to everything in nature. For Kant, the very necessity of the laws of na- ture is grounded in their relationship to pure reason. Therefore, allowing the possibility that mankind could progress through history in the absence of any intention or purpose is unacceptable. He acknowledges that the individual actions of any single person are freely chosen. Thus, although the...
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