1 In chapter 1, we briefly showcase Aquinas’ exegesis of Scriptures pertaining to the Father, in order to demonstrate that his speculative theology of the Father is no mere academic exercise but rather springs from the Church’s tradition and the revelation of Jesus Christ, as recorded in the Bible. In chapters 2–6, we examine the Father’s innascibility (ch. 2), principiality (ch. 3), name (ch. 4), spiration (ch. 5), and action in the created order, with special attention to adoptive sons (ch. 6). Four of these chapters (2 – 4 and 6) correspond to the four articles of ST I, q. 33, which provides our overall structure. We place the first chapter, on Thomas’ use of Scripture, at the beginning to situate the later chapters in proper context, and we must insert the fifth chapter, on spiration, since as noted above, the Summa Theologiae does not treat the Father’s relationship to the Holy Spirit until ST I, qq. 36-37. The treatment of spiration naturally follows the expositions of the other two notions of the Father (innascibility and paternity) and precedes the consideration of the Father in the created economy. In our preliminary note, we begin with a review of the basic terms of discussion in Aquinas’ Trinitarian theology, namely: “procession,” “relation,” “notion,” “property,” “hypostasis,” “supposit” and “person.” Next, we study different modes of signification of these terms. For instance, we examine how some terms might be applied concretely and others abstractly, or some applied formally and others operationally. Finally, we retrace...
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