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Andrew of Bethsaida and the Johannine Circle

The Muratorian Tradition and the Gospel Text


James Patrick

This book is a reading of the text of the Gospel of John in light of a tradition of Johannine authorship represented by the Muratorian Fragment, Papias of Hierapolis, and the Anti-Marcionite Prologue, all which are taken to reflect the influence of a common tradition represented by Jerome, Clement of Alexandria, and Victorinus of Pettau. Taken together these suggest that the Gospel of John was the work of the late first- or early second-century John the Presbyter who mediated the tradition of a distinctive group of Johannine disciples among whom Andrew was most important.


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y first scripture teacher, the Reverend John Howard Winslow Rhys of St. Luke’s Seminary at the University of the South, encouraged me to see study of the Bible as a spiritual work to which criticism was never irrelevant and paid gentle attention to my theories about the Bible in the second century. After many years my affectionate gratitude remains. Frank Beare of Trinity College, Toronto, a great scholar of the New Testament, was a friend and inspiration. And I thank especially the Right Reverend Ann Tottenham, retired Suffragan Bishop of Toronto, who typed the first draft of the article from which this book grew in her student days at Trinity College, Toronto. I also thank Patricia Bowers, the college librarian, and Francis Shivone, without whom the text could not have been prepared for publica- tion. I must also mention with gratitude the encouragement of the Fellows and Tutors of the College of Saint Thomas More, whose participation in a great intellectual adventure was background for my attempt to complete this book. And finally I thank Pringle. Words and ideas are part of the happiness we have shared and nothing has been written that did not bear her stamp. M

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