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Andrew of Bethsaida and the Johannine Circle

The Muratorian Tradition and the Gospel Text

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James Patrick

This book is a reading of the text of the Gospel of John in light of a tradition of Johannine authorship represented by the Muratorian Fragment, Papias of Hierapolis, and the Anti-Marcionite Prologue, all which are taken to reflect the influence of a common tradition represented by Jerome, Clement of Alexandria, and Victorinus of Pettau. Taken together these suggest that the Gospel of John was the work of the late first- or early second-century John the Presbyter who mediated the tradition of a distinctive group of Johannine disciples among whom Andrew was most important.

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C H A P T E R O N E 1. Quoted in Sean Kealy, John’s Gospel and the History of Biblical Interpretation (Lewiston, N.Y.: Mellen Biblical Press, 2002), superscript to the Preface, and by Martin Hengel, The Johannine Question (London: SCM Press, 1989), 2. 2 . Ernst Haenchen, A Commentary on the Gospel of John, trans. Robert W. Funk, 2 vols. (Philadelphia, Pa.: Fortress Press, 1984), 1:20‒30. 3. Kealy’s observation: “One could summarize and say that up to 1800 the apostolic authorship of John was never seriously examined or denied” (John’s Gospel, 366) is seconded by James H. Charlesworth, who notes “the myth among scholars that until the last few decades Johannine specialists defended, almost en masse, the conclusion that the author of [the Gospel] was John the Son of Zebedee, and that he was the Beloved Disciple,” remarking that “for over two hundred years experts…have argued that the author of the Gospel cannot be John the Apostle” (The Beloved Disciple: Whose Witness Validates the Gospel of John? [Valley Forge, Pa.: Trinity Press International, 1995], 129). For a review of eighteenth-century continental criticism see R. A. Culpepper, The Johannine School: An Evaluation of the Johannine-School Hypothesis Based on an Investigation of the Nature of Ancient Schools (Missoula, Mont.: Scholars Press, 1975), 1–3. 4. Historical Tradition in the Fourth Gospel (Cambridge: At the University Press, 1965), 304, note 1. 5. Adolf von Harnack, R. H. Charles, B. H. Streeter, E. Käserman, and Martin Hengel. 6. Charlesworth...

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