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The Huguenots, the Protestant Interest, and the War of the Spanish Succession, 1702-1714

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Laurence H. Boles

By 1700, the Protestants of Europe, above all the Calvinists (Reformed), felt threatened anew by Roman Catholicism. Activists, especially Huguenot émigrés, pleaded to friendly rulers to restore Protestantism in France and to protect it in the Holy Roman Empire as aims in their wars against Louis XIV. This activism peaked during the War of the Spanish Succession, 1702-1714, but to no avail. The peace of 1713-1715 brought only token gains for the continental Protestant interest; both the Allied and the Bourbon powers were absorbed in such secular concerns as state sovereignty, dynasticism, collective security, and trade. The activists were victims of the maturing European states system and of their own archaic world-view.

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INDEX 273

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Index Act of Settlement, 123, 166 Albigensene heretics, 104 Altranstadt, Treaty of: 159; Lutherans of Silesia, 161, 163, 182; Protestants of Silesia, 159 Anabaptists, 34, 176, 178 Anglicanism (See also "Anglicans"): 14, 34; Calvinism in Switzerland, 30; daughter of Reformation, 34; exclusiveness, pretension, episcopacy, 34 Anglicans (See also "Anglicanism"): 34, 128, 171; clubbishness distracts from threat of Roman Catholicism, 36; episcopacy, 36-37; Hanover- Habsburg marriage, 165; Huguenots morally superior, 37-38; Orange, 35; Palatine refugees, 173 Angrogna, synod at, 80 Antistes of Ziirich, 33 Archduke Charles (See also "Charles VI"), 1, 61, 62, 147, 151, 164-168, 199, 203, 236 Augustus II, Elector-Duke of Saxony: 232, 242; "Evangelical Religion," 159; Roman Catholics, 159 Baden, Peace of: 2, 175, 198, 199, 215, 220, 221' 229, 230, 233-240, 246; Charles VI, 228, 229, 232, 234, 235; Christian Commonwealth, 232-233; collective security, 236; Empire, 239; "explanation" (of) "religion clause," 202, 216, 219, 222, 225, 226, 228-230, 233, 235-240; Frederick I, 202; Frederick William I, 235; Louis XIV, 226, 229-230, 232; Mettemich, 235-236; Westphalia, Peace of, 220, 228, 230, 232, 236, 237' 240 "balance of Europe" (balance of power), 2, 14, 29, 47-48, 116, 128, 193, 211, 253, 255 Bavaria, 106 Bayle, Pierre, 22, 23, 54 Benoist, Elie, 2, 22 Beretti-Landi, Marquis de, 61 Blenheim-Hochstiidt, battle of: 50; Diet of (Holy Roman) Empire, 156, 160; Protestants of Empire, 153 Bohme, Anton Wilhelm, 174 Bossuet, Jacques-Benigne, 184 Boyle, Henry, 140, 176 Brandenburg: 26, 99, 116, 155-156, 250-251; em1gres, 250, 251; Empire, 251; Frederick I, 250 Cabale prophetique,...

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