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Culture, Politics, and National Identity in Mexican Literature and Film, 1929-1952


Anne T. Doremus

From 1929 to 1952 Mexico underwent a period of intense nationalism as the state, newly emerging from the Mexican Revolution, sought to legitimize itself, consolidate its institutions, and promote economic growth. As a consequence, these years also witnessed a fervent search for national self-awareness in the cultural sphere. This work contrasts constructions of national identity in some of the most renowned literary works of the period with those in some of the most popular films, revealing their distinct functions within the nationalist project. It demonstrates that in spite of their striking dissimilarities, articulations of a Mexican consciousness in these two mediums were complementary within the framework of nationalism, as they satisfied and shaped the interests and desires of distinct sectors of Mexican society.


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Note on Translations xi


Note on Translations All translations of literary works published exclusively in Spanish are mine, including both primary and secondary sources. I used translations of the following works: Cartucho and Las manos de mama (Cartucho and My Mother's Hands), by Nellie Campobello; "La cultura francesa en Mexico" ("French culture in Mexico"), by Jorge Cuesta; El Indio (El indio) by Gregorio Lopez y Fuentes; El resplandor (Sunburst), by Mauricio Magdaleno; Nayar (Nayar), by Miguel Angel Menendez; El laberinto de Ia soledad (The Labyrinth of Solitude: Life and Thought in Mexico), by Octavia Paz; El perfil del hombre y Ia cultura en Mexico (The Profile of Man and Culture in Mexico), by Samuel Ramos; Elluto humano (Human Mourning), by Jose Revueltas; and AI fila del agua (The Edge of the Storm), by Agustin Yanez I am also responsible for all translations of film dialogue. This page intentionally left blank

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