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Readings in Italian Mannerism

with a Foreword by Craig Hugh Smyth- Second Printing

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Edited By Liana De Girolami Cheney

The aim of this book is to focus on the origin of the historiography of the terms Mannerism and Maniera in paintings and drawings of the sixteenth-century in Italy. The articles herewith presented fall into two categories. The first group explains the definition of the terms Mannerism and Maniera, their periodicity, and their sources as illustrated by Giorogio Vasari, John Shearman, Craig Hugh Smyth, and Sydney Freedberg. The second deals with the polemic associated with the usage of the term and historiography and its application as voiced by Walter Friedlaender, Max Dvorak, Ernst Gombrich, Henri Zerner, David Summers, Malcolm Campbell, and Iris Cheney.

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EL GRECO AND MANNERISM: Max Dvořák 193

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EL GRECO AND MANNERISM Max Dvofak Max Dvofak, 1874-1921, was professor of the history of art at the University of Vienna. He himself is not well known to Americans because none of his writings have been translated. Yet he did have many pupils and his books have continued to exert considerable influence so that much familiar writing and lecturing on art is, in fact, Dvorak at second hand. It is therefore worth while trying to make at least one of his own works more generally accessible. The essay which follows was chosen partly because it is typical of his work. He had a gift for direct artistic perceptions combined with a determination to define their significance in terms of the history of ideas. A second reason for choosing this lecture is that, although dealing with a well-known artist, it relates him to a problem about which very little has been written in English. Today the concept of mannerism is more precise than it was when this lecture took form, yet the very sweep of Dvorak's concepts make them still stimulating. Greco und der Manierismus was given as a public lecture in October, 1920, and was published posthumously in the collection of Dvofak's lectures and essays, Kunstgeschichte als Geistesgeschichte. Dvorak left a complete text for the lecture but there was little indication as to what illustrations should go with it. I have included here the six which appeared in the German publication and added several others. The fact that the manuscript...

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