with a Foreword by Craig Hugh Smyth- Second Printing
MANNERISM, ITALIAN STYLE: Malcom Campbell 247
MANNERISM, ITALIAN STYLE Malcom Campbell It is appropriate that our considerations of Mannerism begin, geographically, in Italy and that they should focus on the fine arts.i The phenomenon of mannerism in the sense that we now use the term to identify a development in the arts in the sixteenth century first occurred in Italy. In the twentieth century, however, the province of Mannerism has been vastly expanded by many advocates of the term. Nowadays mannerism is nearly as much a household word as Renaissance or Baroque, and it is undoubtedly more fashionable. The term has been universalized in the arts and humanities-it belongs to us all. For better or worse it has escaped its original chronological, geographical, and artistic boundaries, or, as some would proclaim, it has been liberated from them. Although use of the term outside of its original preserve has not won universal approval, I think we can assume that when we write Mannerism with a capital "M" we all, from within our various fields, would agree in at least general terms about what was meant or implied by this nomenclature, even if we doubted its validity or legitimacy. The term Mannerism in modern historical studies derives from the Italian maniera as it is used in the critical and theoretical literature of the sixteenth century. This fact is important because it means that the term does not necessarily carry its primary significance in English usage, that of connoting "exaggerated or affected emulation of, or adherence to, a particular...
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