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Witchcraft, Lycanthropy, Drugs and Disease

An Anthropological Study of the European Witch-Hunts- Second Printing

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Homayun Sidky

Long before the political mass-murders witnessed in the present century, western Europe experienced another kind of holocaust – the witch-hunts of the early modern period. Condemned of flying through the air, changing into animals, and worshipping the Devil, over a hundred thousand people were brutally tortured, systematically maimed and burned alive. Why did these persecutions take place? Was it superstition, irrationality, or mass delusion that led to the witch-hunts? This study seeks explanations in the tangible actions of human actors and their worldly circumstances. The approach taken is anthropological; inferences are grounded on a wide spectrum of variables, ranging from the political and ideological practices used to mystify earthly affairs, to the logical structure of witch-beliefs, torture technology, and the role of psychotropic drugs and epidemic diseases.

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Index 311

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Index A Adalia, Turkey, attack by a rabid wolf in· 244 Adamo, Teofania di (sorceress)· 213 Adolf, Philipp, Prince-Bishop of Wiirzburg · 30, 120 Africa cannibalism in · 68 witchcraft in · 62 Alciati, Andreas Gurist) · 107 Alkaloids· 177, 185, 196, 203, 204, 207 Allotriophagy · 185 Amala and Kamala (feral children) · 252 Ames, F.· 152 Anatomy of Melancholy, The (1621) · 238 Andermatt, Switzerland, werewolf execution in · 229 Andes, cannibalism by plan crash survivors in · 67 Anthropophagy · See CANNIBALISM Anticholinergic drugs · 196 Antichrist · 23, 94 Antipalus Maleficorum (1555) · 204 Apuleius, Lucius · 250 Aqua Tofana · 213 Aquelarre · 61 Aquinas, Thomas· 189 Arens, William· 53, 67, 68, 69, 70 Argentina, political murders in· 21 Arras, France, witch-trial in· 143 Arson, and witches · 8 Asmodeus (demon)· 156 Astaroth (demon)· 163 Atropa belladonna · See BELLADONNA Atropine· 196, 206, 212 absorption of through the skin · 199 symptoms produced by· 210 Aubin, Nicholas· 161, 164 Austria, outbreak of rabies in · 245 Autistic children, behavior of and lycanthropy · 239 Auto deje · 150, !54 Auvergne, werewolf trial in · 230 Avignon · 42 Black Death in · 81, 82 flagellants in · 87 plague-spreader persecutions in · 89 Azande · 3, 106 function of witch-hunts among · I 03 logical structure of witchcraft beliefs of· 102 poison oracle of· 105, 106 similarity of witchcraft beliefs to European witchcraft · l 02 witch-finding techniques used by · 103, 105 Aztecs human sacrifice among · 266 priests of declared Devil- worshippers by Christian missionaries · 74 society of characterized as "Cannibal Kingdom"· 68 312 WITCHCRAFT, LYCANTHROPY, DRUGSAND DISEASE B Bocquet, Jacques (accused werewolf)· Bamberg · 132...

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