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Good Lives and Moral Education

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Evan Simpson

This book develops a «conservative» conception of morality and its implications for moral education. The argument stresses practices of living over rationalistic theories. At its center is an account of the education of the emotions, in which cultivating reflective imagination is more important than mastering universal principles. The central contrast is with Lawrence Kohlberg and his theory of moral development. Simpson sees extending democratic practices of discussion and argument as best answering the question how, lacking certain standards of judgment, we can decide between competing conceptions of human progress.

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Introduction 1 · This argument is pursued in Stanley G. Clarke and Evan Simpson, eds., Anti-Theory in Ethics and Moral Conservatism. 2 · Aristotle,Metaphysica, 98oa21, 982b12-14 3 · David Hume, Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, p. 83 4 · R.S. Peters, Psychology and Ethical Development, p. 286, and Stephen Toulmin, "The Tyranny of Principles," p. 31 5 · Alasdair Macintyre, "Moral Philosophy: What Next?," inS. Hauerwas and A. Macintyre, eds., Revisions, p. 9 6 · William Empson, Collected Poems, pp. 32-33 7 · W.B. Yeats, "The Second Coming," in his Collected Poems, pp. 184-185; Alasdair Macintyre, After Virtue, p. 245 Chapter 1 1 · Dwight Boyd and Lawrence Kohlberg, "The Is-Ought Problem: A Developmental Perspective," p. 360 Good Lives and Moral Education 2 · L. Kohlberg, "Why a Higher Stage is a Better Stage," quoted by Dwight Boyd, "The Moralberry Pie," p. 71 3 · Carol Gilligan, In a Different Voice, p. 73 4 · Ibid., pp. 7-8. Also see Virginia Held, "Feminism and Epistemology: Recent Work on the Connection Between Gender and Knowledge." 5 · Christina Hoff Sommers, "Filial Morality" and Stuart Hampshire, Morality and Conflict, p. 136 6 · L. Kohlberg, C. Levine, and A. Hewer, Moral States: A Current Formulation and a Response to Critics, pp. 138-139 7 · See Owen Flanagan and Kathryn Jackson, "Justice, Care, and Gender: The Kohlberg-Gilligan Debate Revisited." 8 · Lawrence Kohlberg, "Education for Justice: A Modern Statement of the Socratic View," in The Philosophy of Moral Development, p. 35 9 · Lawrence Kohlberg, "Stages of Moral Development as a Basis for Moral Education," in C. M. Beck,...

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