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The Continuum of Consciousness

Aesthetic Experience and Visual Art in Henry James’s Novels


Jennifer Eimers

The Continuum of Consciousness: Aesthetic Experience and Visual Art in Henry James’s Novels examines the transformative experience of art in James’s fiction. In a 1915 letter to H. G. Wells, James declares, «It is art that makes life.» This book traces the rich implications of this claim. For James, viewing art transformed the self. Many of his contemporaries, including his famous older brother, William, were deeply interested in the study of perception and individual consciousness. James’s fictional use of art reflects these philosophical discussions. Although much valuable scholarship has been devoted to visual art in James’s fiction, the guiding role it often plays in his characters’ experiences receives fuller exploration in this book. A prolonged look at visual art and consciousness through the lens of nineteenth-century British aestheticism reveals intriguing connections and character responses. By highlighting and analyzing his representations of aesthetic consciousness in four novels at specific moments (such as Basil Ransom’s and Verena Tarrant’s contrasting responses to Harvard’s Memorial Hall in The Bostonians and Milly Theale’s identification with a Bronzino painting in The Wings of the Dove), this book ultimately explores the idea that for James art represents «every conscious human activity», as Wells replied to James.


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Index 113


Index A aesthetic critic. See Pater, Walter aesthetic experience, definition of, 18—19, 38n aestheticism, 68, 81, 85, 86 British, 5, 10, 12, 14, 65, 67, 81, 82— 83, 83n, 85, 106—7 art for art’s sake, 10, 12, 13, 102 Allott, Miriam, 92 American Art Union, 6 Antinous, 31—32 Arnold, Matthew, 18, 38n art American, 5—6, 41, 44, 45—51, 53, 57, 59 British, 7 Dutch, 89, 96, 97 French, 6, 7—8 function of, 1, 13—14, 105—6 German, 5 Italian, 8, 10, 22—23, 24—29 association. See James, William Atlantic Monthly, 12, 43 B Barnum’s American Museum, 5 Beidler, Paul, 80, 83n Bell, Millicent, 103n Bellini, Jacopo, 10 Bellringer, Alan, 63, 76 Blair, Sara, 53, 55 Booth, John Wilkes, 58 Boott, Elizabeth (Lizzie), 60n Boston, Massachusetts, 9, 47, 54, 57 Boston Music Hall, 44, 57—59 Boudreau, Kristin, 103n, 105 Bowen, Janet Wolf, 44—45 Brewis, Oliver, 38n Brigham, Ann, 47, 48 Bronzino, Agnolo Portrait of Lucrezia Panciatichi, 7, 89, 90— 94, 102, 103n Bryan’s Gallery of Christian Art, 5 Burne-Jones, Edward, 8, 9 Byron, Lord George Gordon Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage, 22, 30 C Cameron, Sharon, 34, 39n, 90, 91, 103n Capitol foundations (Rome). See Forum Capitoline Museum (Rome), 29—32, 72 Casteras, Susan, 15n Central Park (New York), 44, 53—56, 59 Cole, Thomas, 6 View of Florence from San Miniato, 6 Colosseum (Rome), 58 concept. See James, William Conciergerie (Paris), 65—66 Constable, John, 7 Couture, Thomas, 9 Cranch, Christopher Pearce,...

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