A Metaphor for Zion Theology
CHAPTER TWO: ZION THEOLOGY IN DEUTERO-ISAIAH
37 CHAPTER TWO ZION THEOLOGY IN DEUTERO-ISAIAH The importance of Zion theology in DI will be shown in the first part of this chapter through various studies that seek to explain the relationship between DI and PI. First, analyses of common traditions between PI and DI will show that both prophetic collections appeal to the Zion tradition. Second, synchronic observations of literary themes throughout the Book of Isaiah point to Zion as a central motif. Third, diachronic investigations into the formation of the Isaianic corpus, whether through redactional or supplementary processes, indicate that the fate of Zion was a common concern both before and after the Fall of Jerusalem. It will thus be seen that DI is deeply imbued with Zion theology. The second part of this chapter reviews the tenets of Zion theology and argues that they influence DI’s portrayal of Zion. For one, Zion as YHWH’s holy place implies that she does not represent the sinful people but is the innocent city. In fact, the priority of Zion theology outweighs the natural use of the metaphor: Instead of mother Zion giving birth to the children, it is YHWH who births them because of the emphasis on YHWH as creator. Finally, Zion’s blatant nationalism in DI is an expression of Zion theology’s assertion of YHWH’s universal sovereignty rather than a narrow claim of ethnic superiority. Thus, DI transforms the earlier prophetic metaphor of YHWH’s wife through the lens of Zion theology. I. ZION IN DI AND PI Despite the...
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