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From Bricolage to Métissage

Rethinking Intercultural Approaches to Indigenous Environmental Education and Research


Gregory Lowan-Trudeau

Rethinking Intercultural Approaches to Indigenous Environmental Education and Research arose from a physical and philosophical journey that critically considered the relationship between Western, Indigenous, and other culturally rooted ecological knowledge systems and philosophies. This book shares two related studies that explored the life histories, cultural, and ecological identities and pedagogical experiences of Indigenous, non-Indigenous, and recently arrived educators and learners from across Canada. A variety of socio-ecological concepts including bricolage, métissage, Two-Eyed Seeing, and the Third Space are employed to (re-) frame discussions of historical and contemporary understandings of interpretive and Indigenous research methodologies, Métis cultures and identities, Canadian ecological identity, intercultural science and environmental education, «wicked problems», contemporary disputes over land and natural resource management, and related activism.


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Acknowledgements ix Author’s Note xi Related Publications xiii List of Tables & Figures xv Prelude: A Tale of Two First Nations 1 Chapter 1. Introduction 5 Chapter 2. Methodological Métissage 17 Chapter 3. Articulating a Métis Worldview: Exploring the Third Space 31 Chapter 4. In Search of Common Ground: To Blend or Not to Blend? 55 Chapter 5. Environmental Educators’ Perspectives 81 Chapter 6. Three-Eyed Seeing? 101 Chapter 7. Implications for Environmental Education in Canada and Beyond 111 Chapter 8. Final Thoughts & Future Directions 125 References 133 Index 147

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