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China’s New 21st-Century Realities

Social Equity in a Time of Change


Edited By Richard Greggory Johnson III

China’s New 21 st -Century Realities: Social Equity in a Time of Change examines the new social justice realities in China. Often when people think of China they think of a very rigid, patriarchal society where oppression is the order of the day. However, this book aims to debunk some of those preconceived notions by addressing issues such as single men living in rural China, professional women in politics, and the baggage that comes with being considered an outsider. The book looks at China through a critical social justice prism that has seldom been used before. Contributors also take on race and ethnicity as a means to understanding that China, like many nations in the world, is becoming increasingly diverse in many areas including religion and gender roles. This book is a must read for anyone that is truly interested in unlearning what they believe they know about human rights in China.


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Chapter Two: Discrimination Against the Mainland Chinese and Hong Kong’s Defense of Local Identity


c h a p t e r t w o i n t r o d u c t i o n : c o n t e x t ua l i z i n g t h e d i s c r i m i n at i o n Although Hong Kong is part of China according to the foreword of the Basic Law, a mini constitution of the Special Administrative Region (HKSAR), the increasing institutional and political differences between the city and the People’s Republic of China (PRC) have been salient since the establishment of the PRC in 1949 at a time when Hong Kong was a British colony. A series of political campaigns since the 1950s, and the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976), led to res- idents of mainland China migrating illegally to colonial Hong Kong in order to escape political troubles, establish stable and safe lives, live with relatives, and/or improve their family finances. Since the 1980s, Chinese migration to Hong Kong has used a quota system by the mutual agreement of the Beijing and Hong Kong governments. It was initially set at 150 people per day in 1980, revised downward to 75 persons per day in 1983, then increased to 105 per day in 1993, and finally increased to 150 per day in 1995, where it now stands (Wan, 2006, p. 2). Given the political, cultural, and social divergence between the two locations due to political separation and the fact that China was less...

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