Teaching Beyond Borders
Edited By Belinha S. De Abreu and Melda N. Yildiz
Appendix A: Glossary and Key Terms
Acceptable Use Policies (AUP): AUP is a document with a set of rules developed by schools and school districts to prevent potential legal action, to inform parents of the use of new media and technologies in the school, and to provide guidelines for educators and students. Assistive technology: Technology tools that enable individuals with a dis- ability to access curriculum or to accomplish daily activities with minimal assistance. Avatar: An avatar is a representation of a person or character in graphical form in 2 or 3 dimensions. A user may create and use an avatar in his or her likeness while participating in digital spaces, such as online games, virtual worlds, or Internet communities. There are applications that allow users to create customized avatars as characters that can speak using computerized or recorded speech. Badges: Digital badges are typically icons that represent a skill or achieve- ment that has been earned. Badges may be earned from various websites or awarded by others. People usually display their badges online in a digital com- munity, blog, game, or other online space to share their skills and accomplish- ments for public recognition. Banking education: In the banking concept, education is considered an act of depositing knowledge, in which the students are the depositories and the teacher is the depositor. Paulo Freire first uses it in his book Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Students are considered empty containers and the role of teacher is to deposit knowledge into the students’ containers. The banking model of...
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