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WechselWirkungen

Austria-Hungary, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the Western Balkans, 1878–1918

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Edited By Clemens Ruthner, Diana Reynolds Cordileone, Ursula Reber and Raymond Detrez

What can post/colonial studies and their approaches contribute to our understanding of the Austro-Hungarian ( k.u.k.) occupation and administration of Bosnia-Herzegovina from 1878 to 1914?
This anthology presents some possible answers to this research question which goes back to a workshop held at the University of Antwerp in 2005. Later more researchers were invited from the small international circle of established and emerging experts to contribute to this new perspective on the imperial intermezzo of Bosnia-Herzegovina (which is usually overshadowed by the two World Wars and the Yugoslav Succession Wars of the 1990s). Alternative readings of both Austrian and Bosnian history, literature, and culture are meant to serve as a third way, as it were, bypassing the discursive fallacies of Habsburg nostalgia and nationalist self-victimization.
As a result, the essays of this interdisciplinary volume (collected and available in print for the first time) focus on the impact the Austro-Hungarian presence has had on Bosnia-Herzegovina and vice versa. They consider both the contemporary imperialist setting as well as the expansionist desire of the Habsburg Monarchy directed southward. Exploring the double meaning of the German title WechselWirkungen, the authors consider the consequences of occupation, colonization and annexation as a paradigm shift affecting both sides: not only intervention and interaction at a political, economic, social, cultural, and religious level, but also imposed hegemony along with cultural transfer and hybridity. Finally, the imperial gaze at the Balkan region outside of the Habsburg territories is included in the form of three exemplary case studies on Albania and Montenegro.
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III.

Extract

»Frontier Ethnography«

Zur colonial situation der österreichischen Volkskunde auf dem Balkan im Ersten Weltkrieg

CHRISTIAN MARCHETTI (UNIV. TÜBINGEN)

Die Wiener Monarchie-Volkskunde

In Wien gründet 1894 der studierte Indologe und Angestellte der ethnographischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Dr. Michael Haberlandt (1860-1940) den Verein für österreichische Volkskunde und das Volkskundemuseum. Die Schlüsselkonzepte dieser österreichischen Wissenschaft legt er im ersten Heft der ebenfalls von ihm gegründeten Zeitschrift für österreichische Volkskunde dar:

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