Towards a Critical Pedagogy of Becoming
Chapter 3. Becoming Communist in the Global Class War: Centering the Critique of the Gotha Programme
BECOMING COMMUNIST IN THE GLOBAL CLASS WAR: CENTERING THE CRITIQUE OF THE GOTHA PROGRAMME
A critical pedagogy of becoming in the global class war proceeds from the premise that the whole system of accumulating surplus labor-hours must be abolished through a series of stages developing out of the concrete conditions of currently-existing capitalism. Through a dialectical movement of negation, the future can be excavated from within the present. This is precisely what Marx sought to do in his Critique of the Gotha Programme, which is the focus of this chapter. Marx’s Critique was written in a different historical era, yet it offers important guideposts for a critical pedagogy that is oriented beyond capitalism and toward communism. We do not mine this text in the absurd hope of finding the key to transition, as if capitalism was a stagnant system just waiting to collapse into a higher stage of productive social relations. We are instead concerned with the historical content, relevant points of antagonism with social democrats, and purpose of the text. Before turning to this task, we lay the theoretical groundwork necessary for understanding Marx’s Critique of the Gotha Programme in relation to both its historical conditions and its position within Marx’s overall body of thought. At the end of the chapter, we delineate six key components of a Marxist critical pedagogy of ← 63 | 64 → becoming: a recognition and rejection of anti communism; an orientation toward the totality of life; an insistence on the connection...
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