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RIP Jim Crow

Fighting Racism through Higher Education Policy, Curriculum, and Cultural Interventions

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Edited By Virginia Stead

Together we can build enough momentum to see Jim Crow lying silent and still in his grave.
This book shouts out ways that we can and must respond to the sickening accumulation of racially inspired and systemically sanctioned deaths. Today, we remember the passing of young, Black Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri. In responding to this event, we are determined to dismantle the alexithymia (indifference to the suffering of others) that pervades our campuses. It is nothing less than a by-product of racism protected by the illusion of democracy.
RIP Jim Crow contains three sections: (1) Antiracist Theory and Policy; (2) Antiracist Administration, Curriculum, and Pedagogy; and (3) Antiracist Cultural Interventions.
Each of the 31 chapters contributes to the normalization of anti-racist policy within academic institutions, antiracist discourse within academic cultures, and institutional praxis that upholds speaking out against racist activity. The hope is that this book will also reduce racism in the broader world through academic relationships with community partners.
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Chapter Twenty-Six: The Resurgence of Jim Crow in Education

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CHAPTER TWENTY-SIX

The Resurgence OF Jim Crow IN Education

CLAYTON R. ALFORD



OVERVIEW

Reports of the death of the Jim Crow culture appear exaggerated given the widespread assault on affirmative action programs designed to give minority students educational parity. Our students deserve the opportunity for professional advancement after successfully completing their education. Many scholars argue that education is a fundamental right; however, the U.S. Supreme ruled 5–4 in the San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez (1973) that education was not a fundamental right (Essex, 2015). Some traces of Jim Crow still haunt America’s education system.

Ansalone (2006) contends that many school districts separate students by ability using a tracking system that has alarming similarities to the segregated schools system prevalent under Jim Crow. Some African American educators and school leaders advocated for the tracking system and categorize students by scores on high-stakes exams. Parents want a fair system for their children’s education in which a student labelled “gifted or talented” would move into a higher level.

A BRIEF HISTORY OF JIM CROW LAWS

The literature on Jim Crow laws, regulations, and culture reveals an entrenched segregated education system throughout the U.S. South. Jim Crow laws received ← 335 | 336 → legal confirmation and constitutional validation when the Supreme Court in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) upheld the doctrine of “separate but equal” facilities in housing, public facilities, and education for African Americans and Caucasians (Wilkerson,...

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