Effective Instructional Approaches
Edited By Lydiah Nganga, John Kambutu and William B. Russell III
Chapter Twelve: Definition Devolution: Allowing Students to Redefine and Rename Citizenship and Civic Engagement: Emma K. Humphries & Elizabeth Yeager Washington
Emma K. Humphries Elizabeth Yeager Washington
It should come as no surprise that the diverse meanings and understandings of the terms “citizenship” and “civic engagement” make it difficult to prepare today’s students to assume their roles as citizens in a politically and technologically interdependent world. This chapter examines a conceptual framework through which educators can help students to understand these terms from a twenty-first-century perspective that takes globalization and technological innovation into account. We will review some of the existing research related to our topic and summarize a variety of views and perspectives that have clear implications for citizenship/civic engagement. Finally, we will integrate these different areas of research in order to construct our own instructional strategy that allows students to create, redefine, and rename the terms “citizenship” and “civic engagement” in a way that has personal meaning for them.
As Westheimer and Kahne (2004) note, definitions of citizenship have been and will likely continue to be debated. Unfortunately, they explain, the most narrow and traditional definitions are the ones typically found in dictionaries and social studies texts. These definitions tend to be limited to what Russell Dalton (2009) calls “duty-based citizenship,” which encompasses “the formal obligations, responsibilities, and rights of citizenship” (p. 5). In addition to being particularizing and exclusionary, these views of citizenship tend to neglect twenty-first-century trends and developments (Cohen, 1999). This is problematic, as traditional definitions for citizenship (those regarding the status of a citizen with rights and duties) and even for...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.