An Investigation of the Usage of Jewish and Greco-Roman Imagery in 1 Thess. 4:13–18
Michael E. Peach provides a fresh examination of imagery in 1 Thess. 4:13–18 arguing that Paul synthesizes both the Jewish and Greco-Roman imagery. With careful analysis, Peach traces the history of interpretation of Pauline eschatology finding patterns of thought concerning the source of inspiration of Paul’s use of imagery. Utilizing these patterns, the author further examines the meaning and function of four images employed by Paul: «a loud command,» «the sound of an archangel,» «the trumpet of God,» and «the meeting of the Lord.» Ultimately, Peach’s discoveries demonstrate that Paul synthesizes apocalyptic and Greco-Roman triumph imagery to create a dramatic mosaic of the apocalyptic triumph, the parousia of Jesus Christ.
Adams, Edward. “The ‘Coming of God’ Tradition and Its Influence on New Testament Parousia Texts.” In Biblical Traditions in Transmission, ed. Michael A. Knibb, 1–19. Boston: Brill, 2006.
Alter, Robert. The Art of Biblical Narrative. New York: Basic Books, 1981.
Ascough, Richard. S. “The Thessalonian Christian Community as a Professional Voluntary Association.” Journal of Biblical Literature 119.2 (2000): 311–328.
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