Learning from Myths and Metaphors
The Significance of Myths and Metaphors
History teaches us that myths and metaphors have been with us a long time, at least since the heyday of Ancient Greek culture in the sixth through the fourth centuries BC and probably long before that. A myth, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, refers to “a traditional story, typically involving supernatural beings or forces, which embodies and provides an explanation, aetiology, or justification for something such as the early history of a society, a religious belief or ritual, or a natural phenomenon.” Most cultural myths were never intended to be interpreted literally; rather they were designed as ‘truths’ and ‘descriptions’ given to us in symbolic language and phrases so we could better understand the beliefs, traditions, and practices of a given society. This ancient understanding of myth contrasts with a more current meaning of this word, which associates it with a widely held misconception or misrepresentation of the truth (OED). Catalin Partenie explains the distinction between the two notions of myth when she writes that “what the ancient Greeks—at least in the archaic phase of their civilization—called muthos was quite different from what we and the media nowadays call ‘myth.’ For them a muthos was a true story, a story that unveils the true origin of the world and human beings. ← 1 | 2 → For us a myth is something to be ‘debunked’: a widespread, popular belief that is in fact false.”1 In this book, I use...
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