The volume brings together authors from different geographical areas (North America, Europe, and Australia) and from different disciplines (particularly communication, linguistics, and psychology). Contributions are organized around five themes, corresponding to the five sections of the book: defining features and constraints; tools of intergroup communication; social groups in their context; intergroup communication in organizations; and future directions.
Chapter Eleven: Gender and Linguistic Sexism
← 176 | 177 →CHAPTER ELEVEN
Gender and Linguistic Sexism
UTE GABRIEL AND PASCAL GYGAX
Thought has no genderVANNA BONTA
Language, as a vehicle of representations, can highlight, accentuate or even blur intergroup boundaries. This idea is illustrated by grammatical gender and the normative use of masculine terms in gendered languages, which, although they potentially carry a generic gender meaning, leads to an empirically demonstrated invisibility, or even exclusion of women in gender representations. The mere existence of morphological (e.g., in French “doctoresse”) or semantic gender markers (calling a doctor “female doctor”) activates gender categories, suggesting that gender is relevant even when it is not, thus perpetuating differing expectations and gender stereotypes.
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