A Research-Based Introduction
Edited By Alexander Siedschlag
10 Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues (ELSI) in Homeland and Civil Security Research and the European Union Approach
Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues (ELSI) in Homeland and Civil Security Research and the European Union Approach
KATERINA HADJIMATHEOU, TOM SORELL, & JOHN GUELKE
In this chapter, we introduce the main ethical, legal, and social issues that arise in connection with homeland and civil security research anywhere, and the methods used in the European Union to address them. In the first section, we discuss some of the challenges for governments that arise from the need to balance liberty and security in the face of threats from crime and from emergencies. In the second section, we consider the ethics of setting the security research agenda, research ethics for homeland security, and specific ethical, legal, and social issues arising with the use and export of security technologies. In the third section, we introduce some of the technical and regulatory means used to address the ethical, legal, and social concerns raised in the second section, including privacy by design, national oversight mechanisms, training, codes of conduct, and export and licensing regulations. Finally, in the fourth section we provide an overview of the European Union’s approach to incorporating ethical, legal, and social concerns into the security research process. ← 177 | 178 →
Balancing Liberty and Security
States have duties to protect the security of citizens. They also have duties to guarantee citizens’ rights and freedoms. Basic rights are stated in both international and domestic constitutional law. Basic rights are usually...
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