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Cross-disciplinary Perspectives on Homeland and Civil Security

A Research-Based Introduction

Edited By Alexander Siedschlag

This uniquely composed textbook provides a cross-disciplinary introduction to the field of homeland and civil security. It unites U.S. and international scholars and practitioners in addressing both foundational topics and risk- informed priorities in fostering secure societies. The book examines research-related foundations of homeland and civil security across national boundaries, and how those apply to addressing real-world challenges of our time. Representing different disciplines, intellectual styles, and methodological choices in meeting those challenges, chapters provide a comprehensive perspective across different approaches and levels of governance within an all-hazards framework. The book covers international experiences in border management; intelligence for homeland security; comparative political and legal frameworks for use of «drones»; risk management at the tribal level; terrorism as a strategic hybrid threat; critical infrastructure protection and resilience; historical lessons for emergency management in the homeland security era; the leadership challenge in homeland security; ethics, legal, and social issues in homeland and civil security research and practice; and examples of the scientific status of the field from the epistemic as well as the educational point of view. Including a research guide, a glossary, a bibliography, and an index, the book will be of distinctive worth to homeland security students in graduate courses, as well as to an international student community taking courses in political science, public administration, «new security studies», and security research.
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12 Trends on Security Research in Europe

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12

 

Trends on Security Research in Europe

MICHEL F. BOSCO

Security Research in Europe—Recent Roots

Inspired by Events That Occurred in the USA

Security research in Europe developed as a reaction to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States of America.1 These events had an electroshock effect on the U.S. Administration, triggering the deepest ever restructuring of federal institutions dealing with security and the birth of the Department of Homeland Security. They also raised consciousness in Europe about the limited capacity of the nations to adapt to threat and to innovate in their response to malfunctions or intentional disruptions in their societies.2 At that time, only a handful of European Union (EU) Member States had defense-related research going on that could serve a dual purpose, but where the innovative impact on civil security was a spin-off effect of novel technologies or processes resulting from military requirements. In 2003, the European Commission, the executive branch of the European Union, decided to explore the feasibility of financing security research at EU level, and expressed its intention to enhance the EU’s scientific and technological capabilities for ensuring the security of European citizens.

The initiative was clearly proposed as a political response to an issue under the spotlight: the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the USA, a target to which several EU Member States felt closely associated—and thus also at risk. It was also...

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