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Cross-disciplinary Perspectives on Homeland and Civil Security

A Research-Based Introduction

Edited By Alexander Siedschlag

This uniquely composed textbook provides a cross-disciplinary introduction to the field of homeland and civil security. It unites U.S. and international scholars and practitioners in addressing both foundational topics and risk- informed priorities in fostering secure societies. The book examines research-related foundations of homeland and civil security across national boundaries, and how those apply to addressing real-world challenges of our time. Representing different disciplines, intellectual styles, and methodological choices in meeting those challenges, chapters provide a comprehensive perspective across different approaches and levels of governance within an all-hazards framework. The book covers international experiences in border management; intelligence for homeland security; comparative political and legal frameworks for use of «drones»; risk management at the tribal level; terrorism as a strategic hybrid threat; critical infrastructure protection and resilience; historical lessons for emergency management in the homeland security era; the leadership challenge in homeland security; ethics, legal, and social issues in homeland and civil security research and practice; and examples of the scientific status of the field from the epistemic as well as the educational point of view. Including a research guide, a glossary, a bibliography, and an index, the book will be of distinctive worth to homeland security students in graduate courses, as well as to an international student community taking courses in political science, public administration, «new security studies», and security research.
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13 The Scientific Status of New Security Studies: A Critical Search for Epistemic Identity of Homeland and Civil Security Research

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The Scientific Status of New Security Studies: A Critical Search for Epistemic Identity of Homeland and Civil Security Research

RACHEL SUISSA

Introduction

This chapter puts the contributions to this volume into perspective, focusing on the status of homeland and civil security as a field of research. It argues that the epistemic identity of this field can be provided by the over-arching academic discipline of new security studies. The conceptual radical shifts from security as defense and war studies, military, grand strategy, and geopolitics to comprehensive new security studies,1 including homeland and civil security, require an epistemological inquiry (i.e., a study of the nature and grounds of the knowledge in the field) to help evaluate their scientific status. An evaluation of the scientific status of a research program and its theoretical core assumptions should be differentiated from the epistemology of the evolution of the discipline to which the research program relates. New security studies and their novelty are defined by the following four pillars,2 each of which have been addressed by chapters in this book:

Thus, new security studies are being discussed mainly through their ontological entities, with valuable contributions to the state of the art, though sometimes at the risk of confusing security ontology (what the nature of security is) with questions of its epistemology (how we can gain knowledge about security).

Any inquiry into the scientific status of new security studies as...

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