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Cross-disciplinary Perspectives on Homeland and Civil Security

A Research-Based Introduction

Edited By Alexander Siedschlag

This uniquely composed textbook provides a cross-disciplinary introduction to the field of homeland and civil security. It unites U.S. and international scholars and practitioners in addressing both foundational topics and risk- informed priorities in fostering secure societies. The book examines research-related foundations of homeland and civil security across national boundaries, and how those apply to addressing real-world challenges of our time. Representing different disciplines, intellectual styles, and methodological choices in meeting those challenges, chapters provide a comprehensive perspective across different approaches and levels of governance within an all-hazards framework. The book covers international experiences in border management; intelligence for homeland security; comparative political and legal frameworks for use of «drones»; risk management at the tribal level; terrorism as a strategic hybrid threat; critical infrastructure protection and resilience; historical lessons for emergency management in the homeland security era; the leadership challenge in homeland security; ethics, legal, and social issues in homeland and civil security research and practice; and examples of the scientific status of the field from the epistemic as well as the educational point of view. Including a research guide, a glossary, a bibliography, and an index, the book will be of distinctive worth to homeland security students in graduate courses, as well as to an international student community taking courses in political science, public administration, «new security studies», and security research.
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5 The Role of Intelligence in Homeland Security

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5

 

The Role of Intelligence in Homeland Security

WILLIAM J. RYAN

Intelligence Types and Collection Platforms

Securing the homeland is a challenging task in today’s environment, and government agencies at all levels (federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial), private sector entities, and the general public play a vital role. The key mission areas of homeland security are prevention, protection, mitigation, response, and recovery. An integral ingredient in the effort to accomplish the overall homeland security mission is intelligence. Actually, the influence of accurate and timely intelligence can be seen across all of the aforementioned mission areas. Intelligence in its basic form is information that is not publicly available, is relevant, and is timely. When used in the homeland security context, intelligence can be broken down into multiple categories. For the purpose of this chapter, we will focus on the following: foreign intelligence, military intelligence, domestic intelligence, criminal intelligence, and business intelligence. Understanding the difference among these types of intelligence is integral to understanding how they can be useful:

These types of intelligence can easily cross over. For example, the collection of foreign intelligence can wind up uncovering criminal intelligence; the discovery of a planned terrorist attack is obviously the discovery of a planned criminal event; and military intelligence is also a form of foreign intelligence. However, in the United States, for example, there are laws that govern the collection of the different types of intelligence. One such law...

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