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Cross-disciplinary Perspectives on Homeland and Civil Security

A Research-Based Introduction

Edited By Alexander Siedschlag

This uniquely composed textbook provides a cross-disciplinary introduction to the field of homeland and civil security. It unites U.S. and international scholars and practitioners in addressing both foundational topics and risk- informed priorities in fostering secure societies. The book examines research-related foundations of homeland and civil security across national boundaries, and how those apply to addressing real-world challenges of our time. Representing different disciplines, intellectual styles, and methodological choices in meeting those challenges, chapters provide a comprehensive perspective across different approaches and levels of governance within an all-hazards framework. The book covers international experiences in border management; intelligence for homeland security; comparative political and legal frameworks for use of «drones»; risk management at the tribal level; terrorism as a strategic hybrid threat; critical infrastructure protection and resilience; historical lessons for emergency management in the homeland security era; the leadership challenge in homeland security; ethics, legal, and social issues in homeland and civil security research and practice; and examples of the scientific status of the field from the epistemic as well as the educational point of view. Including a research guide, a glossary, a bibliography, and an index, the book will be of distinctive worth to homeland security students in graduate courses, as well as to an international student community taking courses in political science, public administration, «new security studies», and security research.
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6 Geospatial Intelligence and the Geospatial Revolution

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Geospatial Intelligence and the Geospatial Revolution

TODD S. BACASTOW & GREGORY A. THOMAS

Introduction

This chapter examines how the revolution in geospatial technology combined with the tradecraft of geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) has changed how analysts develop insights about how humans use geography. Advances in satellites, global positioning systems (GPS), unmanned aerial systems, wireless communications, handheld computing, and the ability to automate laborious map analysis processes have transformed what used to be called geographic intelligence, and the nature of the insights provided to managers and leaders. GEOINT helps daily with real-time applications to guide decision-making.

Five principles that serve as a foundation for geospatial intelligence will be addressed throughout this chapter. These principles are:

GEOINT is defined by the intersection of the intelligence tradecraft, geographic science, and geographic information technology. As a discipline, ← 105 | 106 → GEOINT provides decision makers with insights about the ways in which people organize and arrange their activities on Earth’s surface. These insights can prevent surprises, leverage emerging opportunities, counteract threats, or provide time to adapt to changing situations. GEOINT provides decision makers with actionable knowledge not only in the national security sector, but also in business, humanitarian efforts, law enforcement, and homeland security.

Because homeland security covers such a broad array of issues from transportation, border control, emergency management, and response, health monitoring, infrastructure protection, intelligence gathering, and law enforcement, geospatial intelligence has many applications in this field. Homeland...

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