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Cross-disciplinary Perspectives on Homeland and Civil Security

A Research-Based Introduction

Edited By Alexander Siedschlag

This uniquely composed textbook provides a cross-disciplinary introduction to the field of homeland and civil security. It unites U.S. and international scholars and practitioners in addressing both foundational topics and risk- informed priorities in fostering secure societies. The book examines research-related foundations of homeland and civil security across national boundaries, and how those apply to addressing real-world challenges of our time. Representing different disciplines, intellectual styles, and methodological choices in meeting those challenges, chapters provide a comprehensive perspective across different approaches and levels of governance within an all-hazards framework. The book covers international experiences in border management; intelligence for homeland security; comparative political and legal frameworks for use of «drones»; risk management at the tribal level; terrorism as a strategic hybrid threat; critical infrastructure protection and resilience; historical lessons for emergency management in the homeland security era; the leadership challenge in homeland security; ethics, legal, and social issues in homeland and civil security research and practice; and examples of the scientific status of the field from the epistemic as well as the educational point of view. Including a research guide, a glossary, a bibliography, and an index, the book will be of distinctive worth to homeland security students in graduate courses, as well as to an international student community taking courses in political science, public administration, «new security studies», and security research.
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7 Use of “Drones” in Homeland Security: A Comparative Perspective on Use of Security Technology and Its Legal, Political, and Social Aspects

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Use of “Drones” in Homeland Security: A Comparative Perspective on Use of Security Technology and Its Legal, Political, and Social Aspects

ANDREA JERKOVIĆ & ALEXANDER SIEDSCHLAG

Introduction

The increase in surveillance technologies evokes new debates between supporters and opponents in a variety of fields,1 and has recently especially done so regarding the use of unmanned aerial vehicles, or UAV, commonly known as “drones.”2 A few years ago, use of drones would have been primarily associated with the use of, for example, Predator and Reaper-class systems for “targeted killings” in the Global War on Terror. Today a much more differentiated perception exists, also in the public, following increasing media coverage on domestic use of drones in business (such as Amazon’s exploration of drone-based parcel delivery) as well as in homeland security and emergency management (including border surveillance and disaster relief support), with criticism also being more differentiated.3 We should specifically speak about unmanned aerial systems, or UAS, since we are talking not only about a flying object but about big data—sourcing and processing of information from interconnected systems—and about payloads (detection, surveillance, and other possible technology) carried.

Future regular use of UAS in homeland security will increasingly include Earth-observation-based techniques for critical infrastructure designation, such as in the context of big events, thus supporting mainstreaming of situational awareness and common situational picture generating processes across jurisdictions and agencies.4 For example, UAS are useful in...

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