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Cross-disciplinary Perspectives on Homeland and Civil Security

A Research-Based Introduction

Edited By Alexander Siedschlag

This uniquely composed textbook provides a cross-disciplinary introduction to the field of homeland and civil security. It unites U.S. and international scholars and practitioners in addressing both foundational topics and risk- informed priorities in fostering secure societies. The book examines research-related foundations of homeland and civil security across national boundaries, and how those apply to addressing real-world challenges of our time. Representing different disciplines, intellectual styles, and methodological choices in meeting those challenges, chapters provide a comprehensive perspective across different approaches and levels of governance within an all-hazards framework. The book covers international experiences in border management; intelligence for homeland security; comparative political and legal frameworks for use of «drones»; risk management at the tribal level; terrorism as a strategic hybrid threat; critical infrastructure protection and resilience; historical lessons for emergency management in the homeland security era; the leadership challenge in homeland security; ethics, legal, and social issues in homeland and civil security research and practice; and examples of the scientific status of the field from the epistemic as well as the educational point of view. Including a research guide, a glossary, a bibliography, and an index, the book will be of distinctive worth to homeland security students in graduate courses, as well as to an international student community taking courses in political science, public administration, «new security studies», and security research.
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8 Risk Management within Tribally Inclusive Geographic Areas: A Primer for All Risk Managers




Risk Management within Tribally Inclusive Geographic Areas: A Primer for All Risk Managers



In homeland security governance, including emergency management, the need to follow a risk management approach and to address all tiers—federal and SLTT (state, local, territorial, and tribal)—is often emphasized, leaving it sometimes unclear what that actually means. This chapter addresses the risk management within Tribally Inclusive Geographic Areas (TIGA) as it relates to homeland security. It does so by focusing on the practical consequences of terminology and describes why understanding of a series of relevant terms can assist in risk management efforts and reduce impact of disasters or terror events at TIGA level. This is an important perspective in addition to that of resources specifically made available to tribes, such as listed in the Department of Homeland Security’s Tribal Resources Guide,1 and FEMA’s Tribal Homeland Security Grant Program (THSGP).2

Not having a good working understanding of what a tribal community is can have negative consequences ranging anywhere from loss of funding due to rejection of grant applications to loss of life due to lack of communication or jurisdictional disputes in disaster responses. At the same time, it is important to understand that the basic concepts presented here that are related to working together within Tribally Inclusive Geographic Areas are not exclusive to tribal communities and thus can, and should, be considered as applicable for use throughout the...

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