A Research-Based Introduction
Edited By Alexander Siedschlag
8 Risk Management within Tribally Inclusive Geographic Areas: A Primer for All Risk Managers
Risk Management within Tribally Inclusive Geographic Areas: A Primer for All Risk Managers
In homeland security governance, including emergency management, the need to follow a risk management approach and to address all tiers—federal and SLTT (state, local, territorial, and tribal)—is often emphasized, leaving it sometimes unclear what that actually means. This chapter addresses the risk management within Tribally Inclusive Geographic Areas (TIGA) as it relates to homeland security. It does so by focusing on the practical consequences of terminology and describes why understanding of a series of relevant terms can assist in risk management efforts and reduce impact of disasters or terror events at TIGA level. This is an important perspective in addition to that of resources specifically made available to tribes, such as listed in the Department of Homeland Security’s Tribal Resources Guide,1 and FEMA’s Tribal Homeland Security Grant Program (THSGP).2
Not having a good working understanding of what a tribal community is can have negative consequences ranging anywhere from loss of funding due to rejection of grant applications to loss of life due to lack of communication or jurisdictional disputes in disaster responses. At the same time, it is important to understand that the basic concepts presented here that are related to working together within Tribally Inclusive Geographic Areas are not exclusive to tribal communities and thus can, and should, be considered as applicable for use throughout the...
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