A Research-Based Introduction
Edited By Alexander Siedschlag
All-hazards approach: The all-hazards approach is concerned with protecting infrastructure and society from the whole range of hazards (an-thropogenic and natural), though not necessarily each and every single haz-ard.
Anthropogenic: “Man-made” (e.g., anthropo-genic vs. natural disasters).
Big data: A broad term for data sets so large or complex that traditional data processing applications are inadequate. Challenges include predictive analysis, capture, curation, search, sharing, storage, transfer, visu-alization, and information privacy.
Black swan: An improbable event that has three main characteris-tics: unpredictability (due to lack of imagination of the “impossible” and of scientifically computable probabil-ity); crucial and severe impact; and people’s endeavor for explana-tion after its occurrence.
Border control: The regulation of access of people and goods to a country via land, maritime, and air borders and ports of entry.
Border management: A broad concept typically including (1) border control; (2) coping with immigrants, asylum claimants, and refugees; (3) enhancing security ← 247 | 248 → and coping with cross-border threats; and (4) coordina-tion between and among domestic and foreign agencies.
Chilling effect: Reluctance of people to take part in certain ac-tivities caused by fear that such participation will bring them under official, yet unreasonable, suspicion of criminal, terrorist, etc., activity.
Civil protection: The protection of people, the environment, and property in the event of anthropogenic, technological, and natural risks or emergencies. While in some countries considered a concept overcome by developments after the Cold War and integrated into...
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