Edited By Do Kyun Kim and James W. Dearing
← 12 | 13 →
KATHRYN GREENE,Rutgers University& AMANDA CARPENTER,Rutgers University
Disclosure is an expanding area of health communication research. Sharing information is important for how patients experience and manage illness. Research examines disclosure to providers, in personal relationships (e.g., partners or family), and in social networks (e.g., friends or coworkers). Several studies have developed scales to measure disclosure as a communication process including focus on patterns of sharing along with timing and message choices.
Disclosure is defined as “an interaction between at least two individuals where one intends to deliberately divulge something personal to another” (Greene, Derlega, & Mathews, 2006, p. 411). In health, disclosure often focuses on sharing a diagnosis or an event (e.g., surgery or pregnancy). Disclosure has been associated with several important outcomes for both individuals and relationships. First, people who disclose have greater access to social support and resources. Next, people who disclose may find better ways of coping with stressful life events with increased access to resources such as support groups. Third, people who disclose report closer relationships with increased trust and openness. Fourth, there is an opportunity for catharsis and reduced anxiety from holding in information (Greene, Carpenter, Catona, & Magsamen-Conrad, 2013). Finally, disclosure can lead to more effective health care if patient disclosure results in health care providers who are aware of all relevant health information.
Health communication scholars studying disclosure have focused on information management, topic avoidance,...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.