Claiming Space, Identity, and Justice
Edited By Gerald Walton
9. “Not Gay as in Happy but Queer as inFuck You”: Examining Queer Activist Spacesof Montreal and Toronto, by Billy Hébert
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“Not Gay as in Happy but Queer as in Fuck You”: Examining Queer Activist Spacesof Montreal and Toronto
For many queer theorists and activists, mainstream claims for equality too often materialize into aspirations for assimilation in institutions like marriage and the military (e.g., Spade, 2011; Ryan, 2011, 2010; Sycamore, 2008; Puar, 2007). Related U.S.-based queer critiques question mainstream LG(BT)1 beliefs in the criminal justice system’s protective and reparative role against homophobic and transphobic violence (e.g., Spade, 2011; Stanley & Smith, 2011; Harris, 2006). In Canada, marriage equality was achieved nationally in 2005, and gays and lesbians have been allowed to serve openly in the military, at least in policy, since 1992. Bill C-279, a private member’s bill that successfully passed into Canadian law in 2013, adds gender identity and expression as prohibited grounds for discrimination to the Canadian Human Rights Act. In the summer of 2012, the Ontario Human Rights Code was amended to recognize these grounds as identifiable characteristics in the Criminal Code’s section on hate crimes.
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