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Fighting for Our Place in the Sun

Malcolm X and the Radicalization of the Black Student Movement 1960–1973


Richard Benson

In Fighting for Our Place in the Sun, Richard D. Benson II examines the life of Malcolm X as not only a radical political figure, but also as a teacher and mentor. The book illuminates the untold tenets of Malcolm X’s educational philosophy, and also traces a historical trajectory of Black activists that sought to create spaces of liberation and learning that are free from cultural and racial oppression. It explains a side of the Black student movement and shift in black power that develops as a result of the student protests in North Carolina and Duke University. From these acts of radicalism, Malcolm X Liberation University (MXLU), the Student Organization for Black Unity (SOBU/YOBU), and African Liberation Day (ALD) were produced to serve as catalysts to extend the tradition of Black activism in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Scholars, researchers, community organizers, and students of African-American studies, American studies, history of education, political science, Pan-African studies, and more will benefit from this provocative and enlightening text.
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1 Malcolm X and/as Social Pedagogy: A Critical Historical Analysis



Malcolm X and/as Social Pedagogy

A Critical Historical Analysis

It had been ten months since his break with the Nation of Islam, nine since his pilgrimage to Mecca, and seven since he had announced the formation of the Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU); clearly Malcolm X had much on his mind. And yet, on January 26, 1965, as he spoke into a microphone for a Dartmouth College radio station, Malcolm seemed unconstrained by the exigencies of the Black Nationalism he hoped to foster through the OAAU or by the doctrinal demands of the Islamic orthodoxy he had embraced during his journey to the Ka’aba. Instead, he spoke as Malcolm X the revolutionary educator, Malcolm X the populist pedagogue, Malcolm X the teacher.

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