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Fighting for Our Place in the Sun

Malcolm X and the Radicalization of the Black Student Movement 1960–1973

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Richard Benson

In Fighting for Our Place in the Sun, Richard D. Benson II examines the life of Malcolm X as not only a radical political figure, but also as a teacher and mentor. The book illuminates the untold tenets of Malcolm X’s educational philosophy, and also traces a historical trajectory of Black activists that sought to create spaces of liberation and learning that are free from cultural and racial oppression. It explains a side of the Black student movement and shift in black power that develops as a result of the student protests in North Carolina and Duke University. From these acts of radicalism, Malcolm X Liberation University (MXLU), the Student Organization for Black Unity (SOBU/YOBU), and African Liberation Day (ALD) were produced to serve as catalysts to extend the tradition of Black activism in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Scholars, researchers, community organizers, and students of African-American studies, American studies, history of education, political science, Pan-African studies, and more will benefit from this provocative and enlightening text.
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7 A Movement of the People … African People: African Liberation Day, the Decline of MXLU, and Left Pan-Africanism of YOBU, 1972–1973

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7



A Movement of the People … African People

African Liberation Day, the Decline of MXLU, and Left Pan-Africanism of YOBU, 1972–1973

Afrikan People Everywhere Afrikan People all over the WorldEvolving because of & in spite of ourselvesAfrikan People all over the world, trying to make Revolution The world must be changed,split open & changedAll poverty sickness ignorance racism must be eradicated Whoever pushes these plagues, themalso must be eradicated …Oppressed people of the world change or die Afrikan People all over the world Rise& Shine, Shine, ShineAfrikan People all over the world, the future is ours We will create on our feet not our kneesIt is a future of Great works, and FreedomBut we can not crawl through life drunk & unconscious …Be conscious. Black People, Negroes, Colored People, Afro Americans Be CONSCIOUS …Afrikans All over the world. Yes. Everywhere, Everywhere, Everywhere, We are Afrikans &going to make changeChange or dieAfrikans Change or die to the Whole world too we are AfrikansLove is our passport to the perfectibility of humanity Work and StudyStruggle & Victory1

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