Edited By Mikkel Fugl Eskjær, Stig Hjarvard and Mette Mortensen
The first part of the book, Transnational Networks, addresses the opportunities and challenges posed by transnational media to actors seeking to engage in and manage conflicts through new media platforms. The second part, Mobilising the Personal: Crossing Public and Private Boundaries, concerns the ways in which media framings of conflicts often revolve around personal aspects of public figures. The third part, Military, War, and Media, engages with a classic theme of media studies – the power relationship between media, state, and military – but in light of the mediatized condition of modern warfare, in which the media have become an integrated part of military strategies.
The book develops new theoretical arguments and a series of empirical studies that are essential reading for students and scholars interested in the complex roles of media in contemporary conflicts.
Chapter Seven: Mediatization and Globalisation: New Challenges for War Journalism
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Mediatization AND Globalisation
New Challenges for War Journalism
STIG A. NOHRSTEDT AND RUNE OTTOSEN
The two interlinked historical processes of increased mediatization and globalisation in society have pushed conflict journalism and war journalism further from the democratic ideals of a fourth estate, to an extent that we have not seen since World War II. Such is the thesis of this chapter. As a result of these two processes, journalism as a societal institution faces severe challenges when it comes to (1) investigating possible violations of international law and (2) contributing to enlightened transnational opinion building and norms creation. Specifically, it has become more and more difficult for war journalism to satisfy professional standards when dealing with the legal aspects of military conflicts. This is not because conflict journalism has become generally less competent in reporting legal issues on the national level but because international law has emerged as an increasingly important and expanding field when dealing with new wars. Not only is this democratically unsatisfactory and bad news for the prospect of a global public sphere, it may even create security risks because of popular support for—or at least acceptance of—military adventures in legal grey zones.
The chapter starts with a brief introduction of how the two key concepts are used within the theoretical perspective of a historically emerging threat society in which identity politics have become discursively...
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