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The Dynamics of Mediatized Conflicts

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Edited By Mikkel Fugl Eskjær, Stig Hjarvard and Mette Mortensen

This book engages with the mediatized dynamics of political, military and cultural conflicts. In today’s global and converging media environment, the interrelationship between media and conflict has been altered and intensified. No longer limited to the realms of journalism and political communication, various forms of new media have allowed other social actors to communicate and act through media networks. Thus, the media not only play an important role by reporting conflicts; they have also become co-constitutive of the ways conflicts develop and spread.
The first part of the book, Transnational Networks, addresses the opportunities and challenges posed by transnational media to actors seeking to engage in and manage conflicts through new media platforms. The second part, Mobilising the Personal: Crossing Public and Private Boundaries, concerns the ways in which media framings of conflicts often revolve around personal aspects of public figures. The third part, Military, War, and Media, engages with a classic theme of media studies – the power relationship between media, state, and military – but in light of the mediatized condition of modern warfare, in which the media have become an integrated part of military strategies.
The book develops new theoretical arguments and a series of empirical studies that are essential reading for students and scholars interested in the complex roles of media in contemporary conflicts.
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Chapter Seven: Mediatization and Globalisation: New Challenges for War Journalism

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CHAPTER SEVEN

Mediatization AND Globalisation

New Challenges for War Journalism

STIG A. NOHRSTEDT AND RUNE OTTOSEN



INTRODUCTION

The two interlinked historical processes of increased mediatization and globalisation in society have pushed conflict journalism and war journalism further from the democratic ideals of a fourth estate, to an extent that we have not seen since World War II. Such is the thesis of this chapter. As a result of these two processes, journalism as a societal institution faces severe challenges when it comes to (1) investigating possible violations of international law and (2) contributing to enlightened transnational opinion building and norms creation. Specifically, it has become more and more difficult for war journalism to satisfy professional standards when dealing with the legal aspects of military conflicts. This is not because conflict journalism has become generally less competent in reporting legal issues on the national level but because international law has emerged as an increasingly important and expanding field when dealing with new wars. Not only is this democratically unsatisfactory and bad news for the prospect of a global public sphere, it may even create security risks because of popular support for—or at least acceptance of—military adventures in legal grey zones.

The chapter starts with a brief introduction of how the two key concepts are used within the theoretical perspective of a historically emerging threat society in which identity politics have become discursively...

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