The leading markets for this book will be major public and Division 1 research university libraries and university courses in education policy, education law, education history, political science, and public policy.
Chapter 4. Federal Education Policy Conflicts over Standards-based Education during the Bush and Clinton Years (1988–2000)
← 58 | 59 →·4·
How did standards-based education as we recognize it today come to be such an accepted and integral part of federal education policy, and what obstacles had to be overcome for this to occur? In this chapter, I will look at the role specific corporate leaders, governors, teacher union leaders, and others played in shepherding bills like America 2000 (Bush, 1990, 1991; Chira, 1992; Kolb, 1998; Miller, 1991a,b,c,d; Miller, 1992a, b, c, d; National Council on Education Standards and Testing, 1993; Stedman, 1991; Stedman and Riddle, 1992; Tirozzi, 1991; United States Congress, 1991a; United States Department of Education 1991; Winfield and Woodward, 1992) and Goals 2000 (A Goals 2000; Berlak, 1995; Clinton, 1993; Purpel, 1995; United States Congress, 1994a,b; United States Department of Education, 2005) through the legislative process, as well as the social and political contexts of this effort (Diegenmueller, 1995; Firestone, 1997; Jennings, 1998; Kosar, 2005; Resnick and Nolan, 1995; Standards: Struggling, 1995; Starr, 1998; Stoskopf, 2000; Thompson, 1999; Vinovskis, 1999a, b). In this chapter, I will also examine the “standards wars.” These controversies erupted after the initial promulgation of voluntary model national standards, especially in history (Cheney, 1994; Johnson and Diegenmueller, 1995; Morrison, 1996), language arts (International Reading Association, 1999; National Committee ← 59 | 60 →for Teaching English and International Reading Association, 1996), and mathematics. Paradoxically, at its moment of seeming triumph, the model was also at its most vulnerable, under heavy threat from parents, rank and file teachers, conservatives, and the religious right. Finally,...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.