The Intersection of Audiences and Production in Contemporary Theory – Volume 2
Contributors reflect varied perspectives in their approaches to the spaces formed as a result of rapidly developing and swiftly deploying new communications technologies and social software. They shine multiple spotlights into the intersection of audiences and production, providing a guide toward a nuanced understanding of the interstitial spaces.
3 Duality Squared: On Structuration of Internet Governance
♦ CHAPTER THREE♦
Duality Squared: On Structuration of Internet Governance
On Wednesday, January 18, 2012, the Internet went dark, in many cases literally. The English Wikipedia, Reddit, Google, Flickr, and others—together over 115,000 websites—presented some kind of banner or landing page to protest two laws proposed in the U.S. Congress. The Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and Preventing Real Online Threats to Economic Creativity and Theft of Intellectual Property Act (PIPA) were aimed at curbing copyright and intellectual property violations on websites hosted outside of the United States by focusing enforcement at the level of the Domain Name System (DNS). What made those protests unique was the very public way in which the technical community confronted policy makers and the public support they were able to garner. This is a vivid illustration of how structure and agency play out in Internet governance through technology, culture, and policy.
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