An African-centered Education
Chapter 2. Roots of an African-Centered Educational Model
← 12 | 13 → 2. ROOTS OF AN AFRICAN-CENTERED EDUCATIONAL MODEL
As he mused about these things, he realized that he had to choose between thinking of himself as the poor victim of a thief and as an adventurer in quest of his treasure. (Coelho & Clarke, 1988/1993, p. 30)
The African-centered educational movement in the United States was due to the collective and self-determined efforts of Africans in America, both free and enslaved, to provide education for themselves and their children. This educational model, which existed in a rough evolving structure in the 17th and 18th centuries, was perceived as a necessary component in the drive toward liberation, freedom, and independence of Africans in America. I discovered that it is the consensus of current research on African-centered education that this movement has its roots in Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism (Akoto, 1992; Asante, 1991; Essien-Udom, 1962; Ginwright, 2004).
One theorist, E. U. Essien-Udom (1962), defined Black Nationalism as the following:
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