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Black Mask-ulinity

A Framework for Black Masculine Caring

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Edited By Lisa Bass

Black Mask-ulinity: A Framework for Black Masculine Caring is a collection of research, narratives, essays, and conceptual works to lay the foundation for an important emerging theoretical framework: Black Masculine Caring (BMC). This framework facilitates an understanding of the teaching and leading styles of Black males, and seeks to improve the educational experiences of Black male students. This book is significant in that it builds upon feminist ethic of caring frameworks and takes readers on a journey toward understanding the ethic of caring through a masculine lens. Authors explore the experiences of caring school leaders; Black male students in need of care; Black males as caring fathers; Black males as caring spiritual leaders; and Black males as caring institutional leaders. This book is appropriate for students at both the undergraduate and graduate levels in classes including the foundations of education, the sociology of education, ethics in educational leadership, teacher preparation, Black studies, and scholars seeking a deeper experience in their study of the ethics of caring.
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Chapter Eight: Spirituality and Religion: The Foundation for Caring African American Males’ Identity

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CHAPTER EIGHT

Spirituality AND Religion

The Foundation for Caring African American Males’ Identity

ROBERT A. HORNE



Spirituality and religion are guiding forces in the lives of caring African American males. However, most previous research regarding African American males has focused on pathology or maladaptive behaviors associated with illegal drugs, violence, or the criminal justice system. While African American males are, in fact, disproportionately represented in the mental health and criminal justice systems, the preponderance of current literature depicts only a small element of the African American male population. A broader exploration of African American males, their behaviors, and their psyches reveals that African American males are not a homogeneous population. Moreover, a more extensive investigation into African American male culture would reveal them to be inordinately spiritual, religious, family oriented, and caring (Cone, 1975; Letiecq, 2007; Mbiti, 1990; Perry, 2013).

African American male spirituality and religiosity are reflective of the greater spiritual and religious culture of the African American community. Among ethnic groups in the United States, African Americans generally present the highest rates of absolute belief in God or a higher power (88%); religious affiliation (85%); participation in daily prayer (76%); belief in supernatural forces such as angels and demons (68%); and religious service attendance (53%) (Pew Research Center, 2008). Likewise, among African Americans who claim no religious affiliation, 70% indicate spirituality and religion are a “somewhat” or “very important” factor in their lives...

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