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Student Involvement & Academic Outcomes

Implications for Diverse College Student Populations

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Edited By Donald Jr. Mitchell, Krista M. Soria, Elizabeth A. Daniele and John A. Gipson

Student Involvement and Academic Outcomes links student involvement to tangible academic outcomes (i.e., GPAs, retention rates, graduation rates). This is particularly important for diverse student populations (e.g., underrepresented minority, first-generation college, and low-income students) who now make up a significant portion (and will soon become the majority) of U.S. college students. The text is a valuable tool for higher education administrators, faculty, staff, graduate students, parents, students, and scholars alike. In addition, the volume is ideal for master’s and doctoral programs in higher education and student affairs-related fields and for courses that examine issues/experiences associated with diverse U.S. college students, student affairs intervention strategies, racial and ethnic diversity in higher education, and critical/contemporary issues in higher education.
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Chapter Nine: An Antideficit Approach to Examining the Impact of Institutional Involvement on Select Academic Outcomes of Latino College Students

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CHAPTER NINE

An Antideficit Approach TO Examining THE Impact OF Institutional Involvement ON Select Academic Outcomes OF Latino College Students

YOUNG K. KIM, MARLA F. FRANCO AND LIZ A. RENNICK



The college-going rate of Latinos in the United States is growing: Hispanic college student enrollment has increased 487% from 1980 to 2010 (Snyder & Dillow, 2013). The Pew Hispanic Research Center reports that, for the first time, Hispanic high school graduates surpassed their White counterparts in the rate of college enrollment (Fry & Taylor, 2013). While the increasing college-going rate of Latinos indicates improved college access for this population, Latino college students still experience observable disparities in terms of college success, including degree attainment. The terms Hispanic and Latino are used interchangeably in this chapter and defined as persons who trace their origins back to Spanish-speaking countries. In 2011, the U.S. Census Bureau documented that 13.9% of Latinos achieved a college degree or higher, whereas 30.3% of Whites, 19.8% of Blacks, and 52.4% of Asian and Pacific Islanders earned college degrees. This discrepancy between Latino students’ access to higher education and their college success warrants further examination of effective institutional practices that can maximize academic outcomes for Latino college students.

Moreover, low retention and college completion rates for all college students, coupled with the racial-ethnic gap in graduation rates, have resulted in an inadequate number of U.S. citizens who have acquired the desired knowledge, skills, and competencies...

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