A Comparative Study of Chicago and Madrid
Edited By Francisco Velasco Caballero and María de los Angeles Torres
Chapter Eight: Immigrant Minors’ Integration and Social Cohesion Policies Through the School
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Immigrant Minors’ Integration and Social Cohesion Policies Through the School
JOSÉ MARÍA RODRÍGUEZ DE SANTIAGO, AUTONOMOUS UNIVERSITY OF MADRID
It cannot be said that immigration is a new phenomenon in Spain, but compared to what is happening in other European countries, it can be said that it is in an early stage of development. In the last ten years, a report issued by the Office of the National Ombudsman—Immigrant Schooling in Spain: Descriptive and Empirical Analysis (2003)—has become widely read. The number of students with immigrant backgrounds was around 100,000 (data refers to the 2000–2001 school year), which accounts for 1.84% of the total number of students (p. 410 of the cited report). The increase, always moderate until 1997, doubled from 1997 up to 2001 (p. 411), which took place as the national student population in elementary, middle, and high school (up to eleventh grade) had supposedly remained stable. The percentage of immigrant students with respect to the total number of students varied notably among autonomous regions or autonomous cities. Whereas in Ceuta and Melilla immigrant students made up 12.3% of the total number of students, in Madrid the percentage was 4.4%, and in Galicia only 0.4% of students were immigrants (p. 76).
The report was based upon some papers that had already dealt with this issue by that time, trying to make it easier to analyze...
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