Chapter One: Paulo Freire: Life, Work, and Theory
The essence of Freire’s radical, critical, and revolutionary theory of liberation is the idea of becoming a subject through education for conscientization. A better command of Freire’s conceptualization of conscientization is required for a holistic and critical reading of his life experience and theory of critical pedagogy.
There are many remarkable moments in the life story behind Freire’s educational theory of liberation. As Torres (1998b, p. 1) said, “If you scratch a theory, you would find a biography.” This biography starts with a brief sketch of the historical and social contexts in which Freire decoded their limit-situations.
The Historical and Sociocultural Contexts in Which Freire Lived
Culturally and historically, Brazil is identified with the blend of African lifestyle and Indian customs with Roman Catholicism. It has “a sexually permissive but sexist culture founded on patriarchy, slavery and class oppression” (Taylor, 1993, p. 16). ← 7 | 8 →
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