Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)
Article 307: Julian of Eclanum (1)
Julian of Eclanum (1)
In 419 Augustine sent Count Valerius the first book of De nuptiis et concupiscentia. After it appeared Julian of Eclanum wrote four books in refutation.2 By his reply Julian became infamous in history. It would have been better had he lived and died in anonymity. Many hermits living in solitude have more self-knowledge than did Julian. His name would then have been placed in the Book of Life. Neither sacred offices nor friendship nor familiarity with saints is a guarantee of salvation. All these advantages can not of themselves prevent a man from falling into excesses; if abandoned to the corruption of his heart he becomes arrogant, God permitting.
In his preface to the supplement of Augustine’s works, Vignier cites from a manuscript of Fulgentius that Julian was born of an illustrious family on his father’s side. He was the son of Memorius, an Italian bishop3 and Augustine’s friend and admirer. When Possidius went to Italy in 408 or 409 Augustine sent a letter of introduction with him to Memorius as a bishop close to him.4 Memorius was also known to Paulinus as a bishop.5 Neither Paulinus nor Augustine reports his see. Ughellius places Memorius among the bishops of Capua without evidence and reports him as successor to Vincentius, so celebrated in the story of Athanasius.6 Mercator calls Memorius of holy and happy memory and Juliana his wife a lady distinguished by the highest moral quality.7 Speaking of...