Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)
Article 327: Monks of Hadrumetum
Monks of Hadrumetum
On September 24, 427 a council assembled in the Basilica of Leontius.1 This basilica is the church of St. Leontius in Hippo where Augustine had preached several sermons. Two canons are reported which Ferrandus claims to be the third and the fifth canons of the Council of Hippo (427). These canons should be dated in the Council of Hippo (393). They are the twenty-ninth and thirtieth articles of Collectio Carthaginenesis where nothing after 419 is found except the letter to Celestine. No further clarification is necessary.
Augustine’s works to the monks at Hadrumetum can be dated no later than 427 because Augustine reports them in Retractationes. As they occupy the last position they should not be placed later than 427. Apparently the wars which began to trouble the peace and to prevent freedom of commerce in Africa in 427 had not yet begun. Hadrumetum was the celebrated city in Byzacena, the metropolis of that province. In that city or just outside it a monastery is found.2 The monks there had the custom of ordaining priests to send them overseas, apparently to Italy.3 Valentinus, Epiphianius, Victorianus, and Paul had been ordained and sent prior to 525. Whether this Valentinus is the abbot of the monastery is uncertain. Valentinus, the abbot, is never qualified as a mere priest. The custom of monastic ordination for foreign service did not conform to Church law at that time. The custom...