Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)
Edited By Frederick Van Fleteren
Note 70: Paulinus of Africa and Zosimus
Paulinus of Africa and Zosimus
According to Baronius, Paulinus’ request concerning Pelagius to Zosimus occurred in 418.2 In this opinion he is followed by other capable scholars. Doubtless they believe Caelestius’ condemnation by Zosimus of which Paulinus speaks was solemnly pronounced in 418 although that condemnation could have been related to Zosimus’ condemnation of Caelestius’ errors when Paulinus had wished to oblige him to condemn their errors in 417. Ut sedes apostolica qua oportuit ore duorum pontificum haeresim condemnari, ea damnanda praecipit quae a me Celestio fuerant objecta. In Baronius’ opinion, Marcellinus, the courier of the letters to the council of Carthage at the beginning of 418 or later, had made the same trip a second time at the end of the same year to carry Paulinus’ request. Paulinus says he was ordered on November 2 to go to Rome to respond to Caelestius. The year was undoubtedly 417 since the Caelestius’ affair was entirely ended by May, 418. Paulinus responds to this order on November 8. If it were a year other than 417, Zosimus would have surely indicated it. That Paulinus was ordered by the pope to come to Rome, and then waited an entire year to obey without giving a single reason for the delay, is improbable. The Pelagians were condemned solemnly by Zosimus in April or May, 418. It would be odd to wait until November to thank him. ← 452 | 453 →
1 See Art. 277.