Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)
Edited By Frederick Van Fleteren
Note 72: Canons of the Council of Mileve (416)
Canons of the Council of Mileve (416)
The canons of the African councils on grace are attributed by Isidore’s Collection to the first Council of Mileve (402) ten years before the Pelagian heresy arose.2 Baronius believes they were enacted in the second Council of Mileve (416), and repeated in the Council of Carthage (418).3 According to Rivius they are doubtless from the latter.4 Besides the Collectio Carthaginensis which expressly attributes these canons to the Council of Carthage (May 1, 418), the most ancient manuscripts attribute them to the same council. Photius attributes the nine canons against the Pelagians to the great Council of Carthage—he has seen these acts.5 He indicates three in particular, the first two of the eight in question together with one anathematizing those admitting a median place between paradise and hell where infants dying without baptism are to live happily.
The letter of the second Council of Mileve to Innocent does not mention these canons which had certainly been sent to the pope for authorization.6 The Council of Mileve was a provincial council of Numidia. According to Augustine, a general council of Africa had decreed against the Pelagian errors.7 He indicates clearly these nine canons. Pope Celestine, or at least an edition of his letter, cites verbatim the words of canons three, four, and five under the Council of Carthage.8
The Council of Mileve requested the pope to condemn two Pelagian errors, one against the...