Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)
Edited By Frederick Van Fleteren
Note 74: Council of Syria
Council of Syria
If Pelagius’ accusers before Theodotius of Antioch were Heros and Lazarus, they were forced to make their accusations earlier than convenient for them.2 Pelagius and Caelestius had been absolved in 415 by the bishops of Palestine. According to Garnier, Theodotius and Prayle had written against Pelagius in 417 before knowing of Innocent’s death.
Noris dates the Council of Antioch no earlier than 421.3 He claims Theodotius had been consecrated bishop in that year. It is unlikely Prayle had written both in behalf of and against Pelagius at nearly the same time. Prayle was consecrated bishop in 417 and had written the pope in favor of Pelagius at that time. The letter arrived in Rome in September, 417. On the other hand, according to Mercator, immediately after the Council of Antioch, Prayle exiled Pelagius from Jerusalem and wrote against him to the pope.4 According to Garnier’s deductions, Prayle had condemned Pelagius with Theodotius at the Council of Antioch. That could be true, but Mercator does not prove it. Garnier at least recognizes Zosimus had not yet spoken of the Council of Antioch when he wrote the Africans in March, 418. Thus, it is likely that this council should be dated after Zosimus’ condemnation of Pelagius in 418 and may have been as late as the end of 420 at the earliest. If Jerome († September 30, 420) had been in position to report to Augustine the agreeable news of the condemnation...