Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)
Edited By Frederick Van Fleteren
Note 93: Sermo 345
The beginning of Augustine’s Sermo 345 apparently obliges us to say it was preached on Easter Day since we read quia hodie Dominus resurrexit. However, the solemnity of martyrs is also celebrated on this day. Was the sermon preached on Easter Day? Is it not better to delete hodie or to say that the beginning of this piece was taken from another sermon since the words Nos quoque admonet Apostolus are rather poorly connected with what precedes it?
The saints celebrated this day are called in one manuscript Martyres Suburbitae. Sirmond believes the text must be changed to Tuburbitanae.2 According to him, Perpetua and Felicitas are indicated; some scholars think they suffered at Tuburbe. Valois believes Perpetua and Felicitas suffered at Carthage and maintains the martyrs mentioned by Augustine are Maxima, Donatillus, and Secondus, martyred at Tuburbe, July 30 under Valerian.3 To Valois’ reasons may be added that, if there were other martyrs with these martyrs at Tuburbe as was the case with Perpetua, Augustine would probably have indicated them.
The rites of that time differ from our own and permitted joining the feast of saints to Easter, as the feast of Leontius may have been joined in Hippo to the feast of the Ascension.4 The reading Suburbitarum or perhaps the reading Suburitarum, found in the manuscript, should be retained. Ptolemeus places a city named Subur in Tingitane which evidently is the same as Subbar in Caesarean Mauretania.5...